What is Taekwondo
Taekwondo is modern martial arts. Korea is the founder of Taekwondo. Taekwondo is art of foot and fist .Taekwondo is not only sport but is an art of self defence also .It is needful for the children and young gentian. Taekwondo mean:- Tae - foot (Kick) Kwon - fist (Punch) Do - way/method (Art) Taekwondo means that the use of foot and fist as weapon or the art of kicking and punching. The art of mixing poomase, discipline, sparring, self-defence and breaktest. Taekwondo in modern time
1. It is known for the self-defence and as a sport.2. To keep body fit and healthy.3. For the self-defence of every boy/girl and children.
There is no limit of age to learn of Taekwondo. A kid, who can understand, can learn this art. The children it as a sport then an art of self-defence. During Taekwondo sport the security of children is kept in mind. Safety guard are provide to players .Head guard for head, chest guard for chest are provided. There are two type of competitions of Taekwondo , ITF - semi contact and WTF- full contact. Taekwondo is apart of International Olympic Association. It means this sport has every facility like other sports.
History of Taekwondo
Martial arts started by bhikshus and negree's in jungle. Bhikshus had no permission for keep weapon negree's had no weapons to defenced them selevs, so they started martial arts for his defence. They started using there hand and foot as vepan. The art of self-defence for example karate, kung-fu, Taekwondo etc. came and to reason. Because the Korea was the founder of Taekwondo and according to Koreans, The earliest records of martial arts practice in Korea date back to 50 B.C. These earliest forms of Korean martial arts are known as 'Taekkyon'. Evidence that martial arts were being practiced at that time can be found in tombs where wall-paintings show two men in fighting stance .Others reject this evidence and say that these men could be simply dancing. Back then, time there were three kingdoms:1.Koguryo(37 B.C.-668 A.D.)2.Paekje(18 B.C.-600 A.D.)3.Silla(57 B.C.-935 A.D.)Silla unified the kingdoms after winning the war against Paekje in 660 A.D.and Koguryo in 668 A.D.The Hwa Rang Do played an important role at this unification. The Hwa Rang Do was an elite group of young noble men, devoted to cultivating mind body and serve the kingdom Silla.The best translation for Hwa Rang would probably be "flowering youth"(Hwa-"flower", Rang -"young man").The Hwa Do had an honor-code and practiced various forms of martial arts,including Taekyon and Soo Bakh Do. The old honor-code of the Hwa Rang is the philophical background of modern Taekwondo.
What followed was a time of peace and the Hwa Rang turned from a military organization to a group specialized in poetry and music. It was in 936 A.D. when Wang Kon founded the Koryo dynasty, an abbreviation of Koguryo.The name Korea is derived from Koryo. During the Koryo Dynasty the sport Soo Bakh Do,which was then used as a military training method, become popular. During the Joseon-dynasty(also known as the Yi-dynasty.1392A.D.-1910A.D.) this emphasis on military training disappeared. King Taejo, founder of the Joseon-dynasty ,replaced Buddhism by Confucianism as the state religion. According to Confucianism, the higher class should study the poets, read poems and play music. Martial arts were something for the common or even inferior, man. After World War II, when Korea become independent, several kwans arose. These kwans were:
• Chung Do Kwan• Moo Duk Kwan• Yun Moo Kwan• Oh Do Kwan• Ji Do Kwan• Chi Do Kwan• Song Moo Kwan
The Kwans united in 1955 as Tae Soo Do. In the beginning of 1957, the name Taekwondo was adopted by several Korean martial arts masters, for its similarity to the name Tae Kyon. General Choi Hong Hi was training his soldier by this art in Korean army, so the very first Taekwondo students were Korean soldiers. General Choi established International Taekwondo Federation and demonstrated this art in different countries and brought in to fame .Then Korea Taekwondo Association was established in 1965 and General Choi Hong Hi was appointed president .Kukkiwon established in 1972 and World Taekwondo Federation was formed in 1973. In 1988 WTF Taekwondo was first staged at the Seoul Olympic as a demonstration sport, again in 1992 in Barcelona and installed as an official sport in 2000 at the Sydney Olympic.
For more information about Kukkiwon click here Kukkiwon . For more information about World Taekwondo Federation click WTF .